When a woman's menstrual cycle is normal, ESTROGEN is the dominant hormone during the first two weeks of the cycle, leading up to ovulation (known as the follicular phase). Estrogen is balanced by PROGESTERONE after ovulation, during the second half of the cycle (known as the luteal phase). Estrogen dominance means a woman can have deficient, normal or excess estrogen, but with little progesterone to balance its effects. When this happens, a woman can experience a wide range of PMS symptoms. Here we will discuss a few ways to harmonize this balance and reduce symptoms.
Did you know that your Annual Exam does not have to include a Pap Smear? Although women have been told for many years to get a Pap Smear every year, the guidelines have recently changed. It is now advised that Pap Smears be conducted every three to five years for most women. Here are some answers to commonly asked questions: